Post-closure education opportunities and challenges



 The Covid-19 corona virus has devastated the world economy and has had a direct impact on education. If the educational world is run regularly, it is time to enroll the students from the school level elementary child development center to class 10 and complete the first quarterly examination. Similarly, after completing the examinations of class 12 and 11, the students of class 11 were enrolled in class 12 and regular reading work was started. Similarly, the university has already conducted regular classes in the next semester by conducting semester-wise examinations of students of different faculties and semesters. But no work could be completed as per the annual schedule of school level and university level. Examinations at various levels of the university have not been conducted so far. Similarly The ambiguity of class 12 examination is still there. The procedure has been made to hand over the examination of class 11 to the school itself.

Even after passing the 100th day of the bandh, the school level has not been able to enroll the students at the school level even after the regular reading has started and the first quarterly examination has been completed. Even though it has been said that regular school administration will be conducted from July 20 and learning will be conducted as an alternative, teachers living far from home have not been able to reach the school till the first week of July. In Toltol, going from house to house and adopting alternative ways of educating school level children does not seem to be as effective as expected. As easy as that is to say. It is not as easy as it sounds. How pertinent it would be to think of making children's reading effective by going to Toltol and giving one-time homework and testing homework answer books.
If the school was operating regularly according to the school's annual work schedule and work schedule, it would have been possible to achieve the learning achievement determined by the curriculum on time. But a heterogeneous situation has been created. As the situation is not conducive even after 3 months have passed since the start of the academic session, the parents of all the children are now confused about how to provide education to their children and what kind of situation will be created in the coming days. Educationists have put forward three options. One is to conduct regular classes in the school by maintaining social distance to the children on the basis of Jor-Vijor roll, the other is to conduct regular classes in the school on the basis of Jor Vijor class on the basis of Jor and Vijor bar and the next morning and in the afternoon by conducting classes in two shifts. Options are put forward.
The options put forward by academics seem relevant in the current context, but there are many challenges to implementing them. In some schools, there is a shortage of teacher posts in the classroom and multi-class teaching as an alternative has been working as a way to solve the problem in the past years. Similarly, in the absence of thematic teacher vacancies, in the absence of qualified and competent teachers at the secondary level, it cannot be said that there will be no shortage of skilled manpower when the teaching and learning activities are not conducted regularly.
Recently, the debate on the need to start online education as an alternative education has heated up villages and towns. There is a lot of debate in the print media, electronic media and online magazines. Some schools today, The college has already started it. However, the concerned bodies have not shown interest in the feasibility study. In Nepal, 25 percent of the population is still below the poverty line. Sixty-three percent of the population has access to the Internet, but its "bandwidth" and "quality of service" do not meet the Ministry of Information and Communication's minimum standards. Although some children living in the city have access to the Internet, many children are far from accessing the Internet. So it is very difficult to try to conduct regular classes online. Internet service providers operating in the city have not been able to provide quality services. Due to which, even the children in the online class have not been able to get the expected benefits.
Another thing is that ordinary teachers living in remote villages are far away from technology. Laptops and the internet are beyond their reach. Therefore, in order to run the school effectively after the closure, all the local levels have to provide internet, projector, laptop and computer in the school as a special package. Teachers who are away from technology also need to bring a training package to make them technology friendly. If possible, all teachers should be provided with laptops and their maximum use in the classroom should be monitored and evaluated from time to time. Similarly, special arrangements should be made at the local level in schools with low teacher vacancies. Teacher banks should be set up at all local levels. If any post becomes vacant, another teacher should be arranged immediately. Thus the local level with special significance,
All parents should be especially supportive in order to move the reading forward effectively. You need to create an environment for your children to study at home. Education is the light of life. Considering that life is dark without education, it would be more appropriate to spend time in reading with your children in the morning or evening, giving importance to your children's reading than anything else. Instead of hanging out on television, enjoying the Internet, spending time on other entertainment, spending time talking nonsense, checking your children's homework, helping them with homework, searching for things related to levels, classes, subjects through the Internet to help them improve their reading. Finding the right kind of videos and letting them watch, not letting them spend time on other things than urgent work,
When a problem arises, solutions are sought, and must be done. At present, there is no fear of conducting classes in direct classes without fear. So the idea of ​​different options has come up. It seems necessary to understand the present reality and move forward with a sustainable plan on how to move forward in the future. Even though 95 percent of the electricity is available in remote areas at present, due to the geographical structure and situation of Nepal, it is found to be greatly affected by hurricanes, floods and lightning. With such infrastructure, can online education be started in Nepal today? More seriously, is it possible to provide one person, one tab, one reading room for online education to students in every home of Nepali family?
How to manage alternative energy in every home? How to motivate students studying general psychology in online psychology? How long will you be confident in foreign-made online educational platforms such as Zoom, Google Class, Mitt? Also, it is important to be aware of the data security issues of such online platforms. How to do IT training for teachers who provide online education? The same, universal and free education policy can be a boon for Nepal's education and a curse for the lower classes, and it cannot be ruled out as a policy excuse to raise fees for private educational institutions that charge high tuition fees.
Based on the above mentioned excuses and conditions, always adopting the old educational system is sure to curb the development of Nepal. Although Tribhuvan University has issued guidelines on online classroom operation, 2077, none of the above questions have been addressed.
In Nepal, when there is an earthquake, an epidemic and many natural calamities, it is necessary to start an online education system to prevent education from being shut down like the rest of the country. Therefore, in the first phase, classes at all levels can be started from Radio Nepal and Nepal Television, which have easy access to a large number of Nepalis.
Similarly, government bodies should be ready to provide "dedicated bandwidth internet" and "electricity management with alternative arrangements" in all parts of Nepal in the next one year. It is imperative to entrust the country's largest TRIV to the Institute of Engineering Studies to build its own "National Online Educational Platform" using the country's skilled IT and engineers. The Ministry of Education and every local level should understand the importance of education and budget with the concept of "one teacher, one tab, one student, one tab".
After the country went into federalism, almost all the responsibility of the school has come to the local level. The right to build and operate schools has come to the local level. Therefore, after the shutdown, the local level has to think about how to run the schools, what plans to make, how much money is needed and how to manage it. Even though the local level has given less importance to other things, it seems that the education sector needs to move forward by preparing a special package. Provision of teachers required for conducting classes in two shifts while maintaining social distance, provision of some overtime allowance for overtime teachers, Continuing the provision of lunch only from primary child development center to class 5, lunch should be provided up to class 12. The lump sum per student has to be increased according to the time. All teachers should be provided with laptops and each school should be provided with a budget for computers, projectors and internet. Another thing is that even if the budget is arranged, the school has to misuse the budget and spend it on another title. Therefore, it should be immediately monitored and inspected whether the budget has been utilized well or not. Schools that lack or lack physical facilities such as buildings, furniture, toilets, drinking water should be provided immediately.
In the aftermath of the shutdown, students, teachers, school administration, parents, the local level and all stakeholders concerned with education and individuals should really think and invest in education. It seems that special attention should be paid to education. This is a great opportunity to expand the physical facilities of schools and universities and make them technology friendly, laying the groundwork for online education, overcoming the effects and challenges posed by Corona. If we can understand this in time and move forward, it seems that the infrastructure will be available to run online classes completely when needed in the academic session of 2078 BS.
Post-closure education opportunities and challenges Post-closure education opportunities and challenges Reviewed by Nirajan Ghimire on October 18, 2020 Rating: 5

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